Copy static files

Configure what files and directories are copied as is.

Static files are files that don't have to be processed, like images, PDFs, videos or audio. So it's better (and faster) to copy these files directly to the dest directory with the copy() method:

// Copy the "img" directory to _site/img

// Copy the file to _site/favicon.ico

The path is relative to the source directory of your site (configured in src), and the files and directories are copied as is, maintaining the same directory structure. Use the second argument to change the output directory:

// Copy the "img" directory to _site/images
site.copy("img", "images");

// Copy the "static-files/favicons/favicon.ico" to _site/favicon.ico
site.copy("static-files/favicons/favicon.ico", "favicon.ico");

// Copy the content of "assets" directory to the root of your site
site.copy("assets", ".");


Is not possible to copy files outside the src directory. For example site.copy("../folder"); is not allowed.

Ignored files

Note that the ignore settings explained in Ignore files are applied when copying static files, including files starting with _ and .. for example:

// Ignore a subfolder

// Copy the /files/ folder.
// Note that the /files/pictures/ folder is ignored,
// in addition to all files starting with . and _

If you need to copy a file starting with . or _, you have to configure it explicitly:

// Copy a underscored file

Copy by file extension

An additional way to select files is by extension. Use an array with the extensions of the files that you want to copy:

// Copy all image files
site.copy([".jpg", ".gif", ".png"]);

This will copy all files with the extensions .jpg, .gif and .png, keeping the original file structure. For example, the file /img/pictures/image.jpg will be copied into _site/img/pictures/image.jpg location.

Customize the destination

For more fine-tuning of the file destination, you can provide a function in the second argument that accepts the original file path and must return the destination path:

// Copy all files in the static directory but ensure they are lower case
site.copy("static", (file) => file.toLowerCase());

// Copy all images in the /img/ directory
site.copy([".jpg", ".gif", ".png"], (file) => "/img" + file);


The copied files are not processed, even if they have known extensions like .md, .vto, etc.

Copy remaining files

Sometimes it's not possible to know in advance all files that must be copied, because they can be stored in any folder or can have any extension. For example, imagine you have a website with articles, and every article is stored in it's folder that can contain static files of any extension:

|_ articles/
    |_ article-1/
    |   |_
    |   |_ picture.jpg
    |   |_ document.pdf
    |   |_ foo32.gif
    |_ article-2/
        |_ journey.mp4

We cannot do site.copy("articles"), because the files are inside these folders and wouldn't be processed (they would be treated as static files). We can select the files by extension with site.copy([".jpg", ".pdf", ".gif", ".mp4", ".zip"]) but every time a file with a new extension is uploaded to our site, we have to remember to update the _config file.

For these use cases, there's the copyRemainingFiles() function that basically says: when you find a file and don't know what to do with it, copy it. To setup this behavior, just add the following line to your _config file:


It's possible to include a function in the first argument to filter which files must be copied. For example, if we only want to copy the remaining files inside the /articles/ folder:

  (path: string) => path.startsWith("/articles/"),

If the filter returns a string instead of a boolean, it will be used to rename the file. For example, let's say we want to ensure all files are in lower case:

  (path: string) => path.startsWith("/articles/") ? path.toLowerCase() : false,